India is the land of temples and has its own sole of legends fascinating story about each temple and its existence. Gnyana Saraswati Temple at Basar (A.P) is the only temple dedicated to Goddess Saraswati in south India and possesses its own uniqueness.
Basar is a village having the temple premises amidst the dry and barren patches of the north Telangana region, in the Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh. It is about 24 km from Bhainsa, 15.5 km from Dharmabad, 35 km from Nizamabad, 70 km from Nirmal, and 205 km by road and 190 km by Train from Hyderabad.
It is one of the two famous Saraswati Mandir in India; the other is in Jammu & Kashmir. Saraswati is the Goddess of knowledge and learning In Hinduism.
However, according to the Brahmanda Purana, the Sages Shri Vyasa Maharishi installed Goddess Saraswati and written the Mahabharata here. There is a marble image of Maharshi Vyasa and Samadhi near the temple.
Due to the presence of Saraswati, Lakshmi and Maa Kali, Basara is considered as the abode of the heavenly trinity. The current temple structure is constructed in the period Chalukya.
According to legend Maharshi Veda Vyasa, the author of Mahabharata, came to this forests of Dandakaryana for meditation. He begins meditation on the River Godavari banks and feels the place is very peaceful. The divine Goddess devi Sarswati is believed to appeared before Veda Vyasa and intended him to build the temples for the Shakti trio: Maha Saraswathi, Maha Lakshmi and Maha Kali. Maharshi Veda Vyasa did that by bringing three handfuls of sand and sculpts out the figures.
Since Maharishi Vyasa spent significant time in prayers, so this place was then called “Vasara” and turned into Basara due to the influence of the Marathi language in the region.
Utasava And Rituals
The four main Utsavas are performed at Basar temple throughout the year.
Vyasa purnima also known as Guru Purnima. This Utsava is celebrated on Ashada Paurnima. According the legend, this temple was established by Maharshri Veda Vyasa, hence this Utasava is performed in a large scale to commemorate Vyasa Maharshi.
On Ashwin Shudda Dashami or popularly known as Dassera Navratri Utsava are performed for Nine nights. Various puja rituals and are performed during these Nine days.
Maha Shiv Ratri
Maha shivaratri is on Magh trayodashi (Krushna paksha) it generally comes in the February month. Maha Shivratri Utsav is celebrated at large scale here every year in Gyana Sarswati Temple Basar.
The most important festivals celebrated here are Maha Shivaratri (February-March) and Devi Navaratrulu (September-October) and on both the occasions about 10,000 pilgrims visit the Temple from all parts of Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
Vasanta Panchami heralds the advent of spring. This festival marks the first day of spring. Vasantha means the spring. Magh-Shukla Panchami, which comes in the month of February, is celebrated as Vasanth Panchami.
Saraswathi is the consort of God Brahma and is the Goddess of Wisdom and Knowledge. She is the characterization of knowledge – Arts, Science and Crafts. Goddess Saraswathi represents Shakti, creativity and inspiration. Vasanth Panchami is considered as an auspicious day to begin the children education.
Educational institutions organize special prayers rituals of Devi Saraswati on this day. The Indian guru Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya laid the foundation of the world-class academic institution, Kashi Hindu Vishwavidyalaya on Vasant Panchami.
By walking ahead a few steps, one enters in the sanctum sanctorum – experienced feelings are better than as they are described. The presiding Goddess, ‘Gyana Saraswathi Devi’, is in a sitting position with a ‘Veena’ in hand and decorated with turmeric. Next is the shrine of Goddess Maha Lakshmi and at little distance away, on the eastern side there is the temple of Maha Kali
There is free Bus services provided by Temple Trust for the devotees from Railway station to Temple.