Sammakka (Sarakka) Jatara or Medaram Jatara or festival is celebrated as per Hindu Ethics to honour the Hindu goddesses, situated in the state of Telangana, India.
This is a world’s largest people gathering Jatara celebrated in Madaram, Tadvai mandal in Mulugu district, held at about 100km away from Warangal city and 250 km from Hyderabad.
During this festival time the largest tribal worshipers from the world reach here, the festival is Biennial (held every two years), with approximately ten million people gather here to worship the during the Jatara period of four days.
Many tribal devotees from all states like, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka and parts of Jharkhand reach here to worship their goddess and to celebrate the Jatara.
This fair (Jatara) is said to be the largest repeating worshipers of tribal communities in the world.
Medaram is a remote place in the Eturnagaram Wildlife Preserve, in Dandakaranya, the largest remaining forest belt in the Southern area.
People offer BELLAM (Jaggery):
The ceremonies related to the Goddesses are conducted by Koya tribe priests, according to their Ethics, Customs and Traditions.
During the Jatara celebration time the tribal believes that their goddesses will visit here to bless the devotees.
People offer Bellam (Jaggery) as per their weight to the goddesses and take holy bath in Jampanna Vagu (stream or river).
After Kumbha Mela, the Medaram jatara is the festival were the largest number of devotees gathers at one time in the India. It is Asia’s largest tribal festival celebrated in Telangana
It remembers the fight of a Mother and Daughter, Sammakka and Saralamma (Sarakka), with the governing rulers against their unfair law.
People speaks many “Folk tales” about the miraculous powers of Sammakka. As per the tribal story, almost 6 -7 centuries ago, in the 13th century, some tribal leaders who were on their way to hunting found a new born girl (Sammakka) was playing within the tigers and emitting a light. They take that girl to their habitation, the Chief of the tribe adopted her and fetched up as a Head. Later she became a saviour of the tribal of this region. She was married to Pagididda Raju, a feudatory tribal chief of Kakatiya’s (Ruler of the Telugus from Warangal between 1000 AD and 1380 AD).
She was blessed with 2 daughters and one son naming Sarakka, Nagulamma and Jampanna respectively. Jampanna died in one attack and fell bleeding into a Vaagu (small river) and later on this Sampangi Vaagu has turned into red color so, because of this it was later on called JAMPANNA VAAGU, the place near where this Jatara (mela) is take place.
How to reach:
Until 1978, the only way to reach Medaram was by a bullock cart. In 1978 then the Andhra Pradesh State Government declared the 1000-yr old festival as official and made a motor car driven road.
TSRTC runs multiple buses during the Madram jatara period. Also, many private vehicles services are available during Jatara period.
People suffering with poisonous and dangerous evil powers can get relief immediately after visiting this Sacred Jatara.
This Jatara is very well enabled with roads, drinking water, sanitation, health and hygiene by the Government of Telangana