This festival is famous as Gudi Padwa (in Maharashtra), Ugadi (in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh). Nau Roz (Kashmir), Baisakhi (Punjab), Cheti Chand (Sindhi), Naba Barsha (Bengal), Goru Bihu (Assam), Puthandu (Tamil Nadu), and Vishu (Kerala).
Significance of Gudi Padwa
On this day Lord Brahma created the Universe and the Satyayug begins, it marks the commencing of the Hindu New Year. Thus for Hindus, this day carries special significance. The day is celebrated with an auspicious early morning bath, followed by decorating the doorway with a ‘Mangal Toran’, performing ritualistic worship and hoisting the Gudhi the flag symbolizing victory. Followed by pooja of god and Panchanga Shravana. Front space of houses is decorated with Rangoli and everyone wears new clothes and celebrates the festival by wishing each other with New Year greetings.
Gudi Padwa, is a symbol of victory of good over evil. And celebrated to ward off evil influences and bring prosperity and good luck into the house. Gudhi is made by tying a bright green or yellow cloth, adorned with brocade (zari), to a long bamboo. Over the cloth, Gathi (a type of sweet), neem leaves, a twig of mango leaves and a garland of red flowers is tied.
One of the three and a half auspicious days (‘Muhurts’): Gudhipadva, Akshay Trutiya and Dasra (Vijayadashmi) these are the full day Muhurat and, the first day of the Hindu lunar month of Kartik ( Balipratipada) comprises half of the total three and a half auspicious Muhuratas.
The special feature of these three and a half auspicious days is that every moment of these days is auspicious, no need to choose an auspicious moment to perform any spiritual work.
In Maharashtra special dish called Puran Poli is made on this occasion. It consists of a filling (gram and jaggery/sugar boiled and made in to a paste) stuffed in a flat Roti like bread.
It is usually eaten hot/cold with ghee or milk topping. Other delicacies made on Gudhi Padwa festival is Shrikand and Poori.
Eating Neem and Sweet Jaggery means one needs to accept both Good and Bad together with equability throughout the Year. The leaves as well as the paste are believed to cleanse blood and strengthen the immune system
This special mixture consists of: Neem Buds/Flowers represents Sadness and Jaggery represents Happiness
This year Gudhi Padava festival is falling on 31st March 2014 Monday.