Konark is the well well-known tourist center in Orissa, and one of the World Heritage Sites in India. Konark temple dedicated to the God Sun. Present state of this temple is in ruined even that can be assumed it is a magnificent temple reflecting the genius of the architects that envisioned and built it.
Bhubaneshwar, Konark and Puri comprise the Golden triangle of Orissa, and attract large number pilgrims and tourists every year.
Konark is also famous as Konaditya. The name Konark came from the words Kona means Corner and Arka means Sun; this temple is situated in the Northeast direction of Puri or the Chakrakshetra. Konark is popularly known as Arkakshetra.
Konark temple is built in 1278 CE by the King Ganga, King Narasimha Deva one of the grandest temples of India and was referred to as the Black Pagoda. The ruins of this temple were excavated in late 19th century. The tower over the Garbagriha is missing, however the Jagmohana is intact.
The Temple: The Konark temple is not only widely known for its architectural dignity but also for the complexity and abundance of sculptural work. The complete temple has been conceived as to look like a chariot of the God Sun with 24 wheels, each about 10 feet in diameter, with a set of spokes and detailed carvings. Seven horses pull the temple. Two lion guards the entrance, crushing elephants. A flight of steps lead to the main entrance.
There are three images of the God Sun, located so as to grasp the rays of the sun at sunrise, noon and sunset.
Sun Temple is dedicated to the Sun-God (Arka), commonly known as Biranchi-Narayan, and the area in which it is located is known as Arka-Kshetra or Padma-kshetra. According to legends, Samba, son of Lord Krishna, was struck with leprosy due to an irritation of Lord Krishna himself. Samba has o undergo for 12 years of harsh expiation for sin at Mitravana, near the junction area of Chandrabhaga River with the Sea shore at Konark.
He was finally success in satisfying the GOD SUN (Surya), the healer of all skin diseases, and was cured from his illness. In gratitude, he decided to build a temple in the honor of God Surya. The day after his cure, while Samba was bathing in the River Chandrabhaga, he exposed an image of the god, which shaped like body of Surya by Viswakarma. Samba installed this image in a temple which he built in Mitravana, where he propitiated the god with sacrifices. Since then, this place has been regarded with spiritual importance.
Address: Puri, Konark, Odisha 752111, India:
Opened: 1250 CE: Hours: 6:00 am – 8:00 pm
Phone: +91 6758 236 821:
Best Time to Visit: January to March
How to Reach: From Puri, 35 km; From Bhubaneswar, 65 km.
Nearest Rail Station: Puri, is well connected to almost all major Indian Cities.
Nearest Airport: Bhubaneswar