Mahashivaratri is the most important festival celebrated in India and dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is believed that one who worships God Shiva on this auspicious day will absolve all his Sins and will get the moksha (Salvation)
As per Ethics in Hindu, Mahashivaratri festival has incredible importance in Hinduism. According to sacred scriptures, by worshiping the God, Lord Shiva, on Mahashivaratri will please the Lord Shiva at the most. This festival falls on the 14th day of the dark fortnight in the month of Phalgun ( February / March) in the year 2014 it falls on 27 February, Thursday and that day is Holiday in India.
Mahashivratri Spiritual significance
Shivratri is the time when God Shiva goes to rest. Lord Shiva rests for one ‘prahar’ (three hours) in the night. This ‘prahar’ is known as the Shivratri. When lord Shiva takes rest, the utility of ‘Shivtattva’ (Shiva principle) stops, i.e. Lord Shiva goes into a meditative state and this is the time when Lord Shiva occupies himself with his own spiritual practices
During this meditation, the ‘Shivtattva’ does not accept any Tamoguna (most bases of the 3 elements in us – Sattva, Raja & Tama). For protecting from this pressure, things like ‘bilva patra’, white flowers, ‘rudrāksha‘ beads are offered to Lord Shiva. These attract the ‘Shivtattva’ from the atmosphere, and provides protection from the increasing effect of the negative energies.
Out of these Satva Guna, Rajo Guna, Tamo Guna, the quantity of Tamo guna is high in the night then compare to the day time.
Thus, Lord Shiva chooses Falgun Krishna Chaturdashi’s midnight for the evolution of Shiv Linga.
Mahashivaratri Astrological Importance
According to astrology, moon becomes incapacitated on Chaturdashi. And looses the strength of giving energy to the earth. So, expression of mind also keep growing and falling like the arts of moon. At that time, a person’s mind gets upset and has to face many mental tensions. So to have the grace of moon, one should worship lord Shiva. Worshipping lord Shiva on Shivaratri in every month makes the moon strong. If that not possible to worship on monthly Shivaratri, then worship on Mahashivratri
Prior to Mahashivaratri, Surya Dev ( God Sun) also reaches Uttarayana. This is time of changing the season. So, this is auspicious time, and to welcome the spring. Spring which fills the mind with joy and excitement.
On Mahashivratri, Nishita Kala is the most preferred time to worship Lord Shiva.